Latest Forest Cover in Bihar

India State of Forest Report 2017

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Bihar, situated in the eastern part of India bordering Nepal, has a geographical area of 94,163 sq km, which is 2.86% of the geographical area of the country. Bihar is a part of Gangetic Plains and a number of important rivers, which includes Ganga and Gandak, drain the state The river Ganges divides the state into two equal halves running West to East. Bihar has a humid subtropical climate. The average annual rainfall varies from 1,000 mm to 2,000 mm and the average annual temperature ranges between 20°C to 28°C. The state has 38 districts of which none are hill or tribal. As per the 2011 census, Bihar has a population of 104.10 million accounting to 8.59 percent of India’s population. The rural and urban population constitute 88.71% and 11.29% respectively. The population density of the state is 1106 per sq km which is higher than the national average of 382 persons per sq km. The 19th Livestock census 2012 has reported a total livestock population of 32.93 million.

Forest Cover:

Based on the interpretation of satellite data pertaining to Oct-Dec 2015, the forest cover in the state is 7,299 sq km which is 7.75% of the State’s geographical area.

In terms of forest canopy density classes, the state has 332 sq km under very dense forest, 3,260 sq km under moderately dense forest and 3,707 sq km under open forest.


Forest Cover within and outside Green Wash Area:

The Recorded Forest Area of the State is 6,877.41 sq km which is 7.30% of the Geographic area. The Reserved, Protected and Unclassed Forests are 10.08%, 89.91%, and 0.01% respectively of the recorded forest area.


Carbon Stock in Forest:

The total Carbon stock of forests in the State is 55.397 million tonnes (203.122 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent) which is 0.78% of total forest carbon of the country.

  • A decrease of 8 sq km has been observed in the water body coverage within Forest compared to 2005.

District-wise Forest Cover in Bihar:



According to the Table, Kaimur (Bhabua), Jamui, and Nawada are the top three districts in terms of forest cover as a percentage of geographical area of the respective districts.

  • A net positive change of 45 sq km observed in the state could be attributed to plantation and conservation.

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