Important Bihar Current Affairs for 65th Prelims
Bihar Current Affairs for 65th Prelims Part-I (Jan 2019-May 2019)
- 60th Annual Lalit Kala Akademi Award winner from Bihar: Tabassum Khan
- Bihar Diwas was celebrated on March 22nd across the state to commemorate the day when Bihar was carved out of the Bengal Presidency in the year 1912. March 22nd 2019 was the 107th foundation day of the state. Bihar Diwas was first celebrated on a large-scale in 2010. Bihar Diwas was the brainchild of then chief minister Nitish Kumar.
- The Multi-dimensional Poverty Index 2018 report is prepared by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative.
Bihar with more than half its population in poverty was the poorest state in 2015-16.
The four poorest states Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh were still home to 196 million MPI poor people, which was over half of all the MPI poor people in India.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has laid the foundation stone for the Mandal Dam Project on the North Koel River. The Mandal Dam Project would be boon for the states of Jharkhand and Bihar.
The features of the Mandal Dam project are:
The Mandal Dam project will help around one lakh eleven thousand hectares of agricultural land in Jharkhand and Bihar to get irrigation facilities.
24 MW of electricity will also be produced.
The project threatens to submerge the portions of the Palamau Tiger Reserve and Betla National Park.
North Koel River originates on Ranchi plateau in Jharkhand and joins the Sone River, a few miles north-west of Haidarnagar in Jharkhand. The river meanders through the northern part of Betla National Park. The principal tributaries of the North Koel River are Auranga and the Amanat.
The Department of Post has issued a Commemorative Postage Stamp on Rajkumar Shukla in New Delhi on 18th December 2018. The stamp was released as a tribute to the contribution made by Rajkumar Shukla in the launch of Champaran Satyagraha in the year 1917.
About Rajkumar Shukla:
Raj Kumar Shukla was born on 23rd August 1875 in Satwaria village of Champaran in Bihar.
He was a famous Indigo cultivator of Champaran and as he was a money lender as well.
He rose to fame for his close association with Gandhiji during the Champaran Satyagraha.
Raj Kumar Shukla convinced Mahatma Gandhi to visit Champaran, which was was a turning point in India’s struggle for independence.
Earlier also, the Department of Posts had released a postage stamp in the year 2000 to commemorate the 125th birth anniversary of Pandit Raj Kumar Shukla.
- Union Government has signed $200 million loan agreement with Asian Development Bank (ADB) for Bihar State Highways III Project (BSHP-III). It will finance widening and upgrading of about 230 kms state highways in Bihar to all-weather standards with road safety features.
- Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar unveiled 70-feet tall statue of Lord Buddha at Rajgir in Nalanda district of state. It is second tallest statue of Buddha in the country.
The statue has been installed above 16 metre radius pedestal in middle of lake Ghora Katora. It has been made from 45,000 cubic foot pink sand stone. Ghora Katora is natural lake surrounded by five hills. The area around lake and statue has been developed into beautiful park from eco-tourism point of view. In this area no petrol and diesel vehicles will be allowed to ply and only electronic vehicles will be allowed.
- India has won Commonwealth Association for Public Administration and Management (CAPAM) Award, 2018. Unnayan Banka initiative for reinventing education using technology of Banka District, Bihar was awarded under Category “Innovation Incubation”.
- Shahi Litchi from Bihar has received Geographical Indication (GI) tag
Shahi Litchi is fourth agricultural product from Bihar after Katrani rice, Jardalu mango and Magahi paan (betel vine), to get GI tag. In addition to four GI tags in agricultural field, some art form from Bihar such as Madhubani painting, applique – Khatwa patch work, Sikki grass work, Sujini embroidery work and Bhagalpur silk have also been accorded GI tag under handicraft category.
Shahi Litchi is mainly cultivated in Muzaffarpur, Samastipur, Vaishali, East Champaran and Begusarai and some parts of adjoining areas in agro-climatic areas of the state. The quality of Shahi litchi in Muzaffarpur, Samastipur and adjoining areas is better with juicy aril with very good sugar acid blend and aroma. According to agriculture scientists, due to high calcium content in the soil, litchi is better in these areas.
- National Dolphin Research Centre (NDRC) will be set up on the banks of the Ganga river in Patna University campus in Patna, capital of Bihar. It will India’s and Asia’s first Dolphin research centre. The announcement for the centre was made on the occasion of Dolphin day (October 5), observed in Bihar for protection and conservation of Gangetic river dolphin to create awareness to save endangered species.
Gangetic river dolphin is India’s national aquatic animal.
Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary located in Bihar’s Bhagalpur district of Bihar is India’s only dolphin sanctuary is spread over 50 km along the Ganges
The state cabinet of Bihar has approved a proposal to pay Rs 25000 to every girl graduating in 2018 and onwards. The one-time payment will be made to every girl who graduated from the colleges of the state on or after April 25, 2018.
• The state cabinet has allotted Rs 300 crore towards the disbursal of the payment.
• Around one lakh twenty thousand girls are expected to clear their graduation course in 2018.
• The scheme is a part of a larger government scheme that aims to pay each girl Rs 54000 including the payments made to her, right from birth to graduation.
- 352nd Prakash Parv (birth anniversary) of Guru Gobind Singh concluded on Jan 13:
The day was also marked by Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar laying the foundation stone at Rajgir, of a Gurudwara in the memory of the first Sikh Guru Nanak Dev whose 550th Prakash Parv is being observed this year.
Born at Patna Sahib in 1666, Guru Govind Singh was the 10th Sikh guru. He succeeded his father Guru Tegh Bahadur Singh as leader of Sikhs at the age of just nine.
- Union Cabinet has approved a new bridge across the Ganga river at Patna in Bihar. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA), chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, approved the project for construction of 5.634 km long new 4 lane bridge parallel to the existing MG Setu on NH-19.
- Steel Minister inaugurated SAIL’s steel processing unit at Bettia in West Champaran district. At present, Steel Authority of lndia Ltd (SAIL) manufactures steel pipes at the unit. The foundation stone of the processing unit was laid in November 2007.
- First ever bus services between Bihar and Nepal flagged off :
The Chief said four buses will ply from Bodhgaya to Kathmandu. Similarly four buses will ply from Patna to Janakpur. The Kathmandu bound bus will go via Patna ,Raxaul and Beerganj. The Janakpur bound bus will go via Muzaffarpur and Sitamarhi.
- Bihar govt announces universal old age pension scheme-Mukhyamantri Vridhajan Pension Yojna:
Bihar government has announced a universal old age pension scheme – Mukhyamantri Vridhajan Pension Yojna- MVPY (मुख्यमंत्री वृद्धजन पेंशन योजना) for all people above 60 years of age.
Except those senior citizens who have retired from government service, all will be eligible for 400 rupees monthly pension irrespective of caste, religion or community.
The Chief Minister also announced a pension of 6,000 rupees for journalists above 60 years of age. Those who have been in regular service in the field of media and not getting any other pension will be eligible for Bihar Patrakar Samman Yojana (BPSY).
Bihar cabinet sanctioned Rs 384 cr for old age pension scheme for the financial year 2019-20.
The money was sanctioned from the Bihar Contingency Fund for payment to beneficiaries who are above 60 years and do not receive any salary, pension, family pension or social security pension either from central and state government.
Those who are in the age group of 60-79 will get 400 rupees per month while those above 80 will get 500 rupees per month as pension under the scheme.
- Bihar government has fixed 100 rupees as the charge for people to get their property registered after division of family’s immovable assets.
Previously the charges for registration of property after its division among the family members attracted 5 per cent of the value of property as total charges of which 2 per cent used to be registration fee and 3 per cent was stamp duty on the value of the property as per the prevailing minimum value register(MVR) of the area.
- 3-day Krishi Kumbh held in Motihari, Bihar:
In Bihar, Governor Lalji Tandon and Union Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh jointly inaugurated the three -day Krishi Kumbh in Motihari
The objective of Krishi Kumbh is to promote modern techniques and diversification in agriculture that could help in doubling farmers income.
- Gadkari inaugurated, laid foundation stone for projects worth Rs 9,726 cr in Bihar (Feb 2019):
These include highway projects worth 6,943 crore rupees in Chhapra and Madhepura and for several works under Namami Gange programme worth 2,826 crore rupees.
- Mahavir Jayanti was celebrated with religious fervour and gaitey in Bihar:
The main function has been organized at Kundalpur, in Nalanda district of the state.
Birth anniversary of Mahavir was also celebrated at Pawapuri.
- PM Narendra Modi visited Bihar (Feb 2019):
He inaugurated and laid foundation stone of various development projects worth 33,000 crore rupees at Barauni in Begusarai district.
He laid foundation of ambitious Patna Metro Rail Project at a cost of 13,366 crore rupees. Recently, the Centre had given its nod to the project which comprises 31 Kms long stretch of elevated, underground and surface rail route, with two corridors and 11 stations.
- The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has given its approval for investment approval for 2×660 MW Buxar Thermal Power Project (Buxar TPP) in District Buxar of Bihar.
The project will be completed at an estimated cost of Rs. 10,439.09 crore and implemented by SJVN Thermal Private Ltd., a wholly owned subsidiary of SJVN Ltd., a Mini Ratna CPSU under Ministry of Power, Government of India.
The Buxar TPP will be based on Supercritical Technology with two units of 660 MW each, equipped with latest emission control technology to protect the environment and has high efficiency and use less fuel to generate power.
- Bihar has become the first state to deploy specially-trained dogs to check smuggling of liquor which continues to take place inspite of the total ban imposed in the state for the last 3 years. 20 liquor-tracker dogs were trained rigorously for nine months in Hyderabad, Telangana.
Bihar Budget 2019: Education gets most spending by Nitish Kumar government:
Sushil Modi in his speech claimed that Bihar has achieved highest growth rate among all the states and the size of this budget at Rs 2 lakh crore is nine times more than the budget of 2004-05. Energy, education and roads continue to remain in focus of the government.
Total allocation to education sector stands at Rs 34,798 crore.
Bihar Economic Survey (2018-19) highlights:
Air transport registers 15% growth in Bihar
There has been a 15% growth in air transport in Bihar since last year, according to the 13th Economic Survey 2018-19
In teledensity, Bihar has achieved second position after Kerala, and in the energy sector it has registered a growth of 165% in per capita consumption of power since 2011-12.
The per capita consumption of power in the State in 2011-12 was 134 MW per hour, but it went up to 280 MW per hour in 2017-18.
The growth rate of Bihar’s economy in 2017-18 was 11.3%, which was 9.9% in 2016-17…during both these years the growth rate of the national economy was about 7%.
In 2017-18 the highest growth rate was recorded in the State by the tertiary sector (14.6 %).
The survey report also said that Bihar has registered a “substantial increase in the production of total cereals from 15.72 lakh tonnes in 2013-14 to 17.35 lakh tonnes in 2017-18”.
As a result of reduced primary deficit, the Gross Fiscal Deficit also went down from ₹16,480 crore in 2016-17 to ₹14,305 crore in 2017-18, which was 2.9% of the GSDP keeping it within the Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act limit of 3% of GSDP
Bihar’s GSDP in 2017-18 was Rs 4,87,628 crore at current prices and Rs 3,61,504 crore at constant (2011-12) prices, said the report. The resulting per capita GSDP in the same period was Rs 42,242 at current prices and Rs 31,316 at constant prices.